Ludgate Engineering
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Land Surveys
Boundary Surveys
As-Built Surveys
Topographic Surveys
Volumetric Surveys
Landfill Surveys
Hazardous Waste Surveys
Subdivision Surveys


Our surveyors and mapping technicians take ALTA surveys and have a broad range of capabilities that are enhanced by many years of experience with a diverse project profile.

Most ordinary property surveys are boundary retracements. They include a plat (drawing) to show the property, corner markers and a description. An ALTA survey encompasses much more. ALTA surveys follow specifications established by the American Land Title Association (ALTA) and the American Congress of Surveying and Mapping (ACSM). Ludgate Engineering’s surveying teams are ALTA specialists.

ALTA Surveys can include data about zoning, ground elevations, building and improvement dimensions, parking areas, utilities, occupancy, and more. In addition to the standard information shown on property surveys, an ALTA survey will show:
• Any differences between record (from the property deed) property line bearings and distances and those measured by the surveyor. In addition, if the deed does not close (if the final point does not coincide with the starting point of the property) it will be indicated on the ALTA survey.
• Evidence of access to public and private roads will be specified, as well as evidence of paper streets (roads that were planned but never opened).
• The title (Name, Deed, Plan Book, Page and Filing Date) of all the recorded plats, filed maps, right-of-way maps or similar documents pertaining to the subject property will be shown, as well as the names of adjoining property owners. A key requirement of the ALTA/ASCM Survey Requirements is that the client who requests the survey must furnish to the surveyor a complete title report with copies of all record documents which are to be referenced or included in the survey plat. The surveyor is then responsible for displaying the information of the plat or resolving every item noted in Schedule B or the Standard Title Report.
• Building setback lines are shown with encroachment over the lines by improvements.
• Property corners will be labeled to indicate whether they were placed by the surveyor or found by the surveyor.
• The buildings on the property will be shown together with measurements perpendicular to the record and measured property lines.
• Easements will be shown as will any other observable evidence of easements such as roads, telephone, electric lines, water, sewer, oil or gas pipelines on the property or adjacent to the property if they appear to affect the property.
• Any walls, buildings, fences or other improvements within five feet of the property lines will also be shown, together with any physical evidence of encroachments there from (fire escapes, bay windows, doors opening out).
• Driveways and alleys crossing the property will be shown. The plat will also indicate if it is evident that these passageways are being used by anyone other than the occupants of the property.
• Cemeteries or burial plots disclosed in the Title Report or observed in the field will be shown.
• Ponds, lakes, springs or rivers on or bordering the property will also be detailed.

ALTA surveys are generally performed for commercial and industrial properties and may be required by lenders, title companies or attorneys. They are intended for your protection to make you aware of any possible encroachments or problems with the physical improvements both on and adjacent to your property.

Ludgate works with the national ALTA survey coordinators surveying sites across the state of Pennsylvania from large industrial sites, health care facilities and more to retail and restaurant chains or shopping centers our survey crews are experienced in the production of an ALTA survey.

Our registered professional land surveyors have performed in excess of 10,000 boundary surveys and property line locations. Ranging from small city lots to large industrial complexes on hundreds of acres, our survey teams provide comprehensive support.

A boundary survey establishes the true property corners and property lines of a parcel of land. Boundary surveys are typically performed to obtain building permits, to resolve property disputes, and for erecting fences. Easement lines may also be located, if requested, with this type of survey.

An as-built survey is usually requested by a lending institution or public entity to verify or document that a particular structure, whether a commercial building, sewer line or roadway has been built as planned, within all setbacks and not in conflict with any existing easements.

As-built surveys are typically carried out at the completion of a project or serve as a precursor to new work being carried out on an existing site. These surveys are designed to consolidate the design and minimize delays during construction.

A land survey locating natural and man made features such as buildings, improvements, fences, elevations, land contours, trees, streams, etc. This type of survey may be required by a government agency or may be used by Engineers and/or Architects for the design of improvements or developments on a site.

Whether the project involves the use of conventional field survey or aerial photos, Ludgate Engineering’s surveying teams work with our clients to determine the most efficient and reliable method to employ

Often required for landfills and stockpiles, Ludgate Engineering relies upon aerial photogrammetry, land surveying and computer generation to accurately determine the volume.


Applications for flood insurance often need to be acoompanied by an NFIP Elevation Certificate. FEMA uses the measurements to determine whether the building is above the base flood elevation to exempt the structure from required flood insurance. Insurance agents and underwriters also use the measurements to determine the premium charged to property owners for flood insurance coverage.


Using the latest survey technology, we are known for our responsiveness and attentiveness, as well as our thorough knowledge and compliance with PADEP landfill regulations. Our services include:
• Annual Report Surveys, Report and Plans
– Including Cross Section and Isopach Plans
• Boundary Surveys
• Volumetric Surveys
• Construction Stake Out / Verification Surveys
• As Built Topographic Surveys

Ludgate Engineering has survey crews, OSHA 29 CFR 1910 certified, 40 hour and Hazwoper trained to work at hazardous waste sites. We have personal protective equipment (PPE) and a health and safety plan (HASP).

Our services include:

  • Monitoring Well Surveys
  • Sample Points Surveys
  • R & I Surveys
  • Volumetric Surveys

One of our specialty areas is the construction layout and staking of projects on the ground for residential, commercial and industrial clients.

Ludgate Engineering conducts ALTA surveys and provides other surveyor services in Greater Reading, PA and the following areas:
• Berks County, PA
• Montgomery County, PA
• Chester County, PA
• Schuylkill County, PA
• All of Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh to Erie east to Scranton and  Philadelphia.


Our surveyors and mapping technicians have a broad range of capabilities that are enhanced by many years of experience with a diverse project profile.

"Any delay in residential home building is money. Ludgate Engineering's Surveying department offers an ideal combination: superior response time, fast turnaround and quality work at the right price."

- Gregg Sweigert, Project Manager for Land Development, Berks Homes


“During the last 10 years, Ludgate Engineering Corporation has provided the Authority with professional surveying services that have routinely exceeded expectations. During this period, the Authority has implemented numerous capital and operational projects needed to provide our customers with uninterrupted solid waste disposal. Ludgate’s contribution to the success has been significant. Responsiveness and dedication to our survey needs have been distinctive of Ludgate’s service.”
    - Owen Esterly, Facility Engineer, Chester County Solid Waste Authority


"We recommend Ludgate Engineering to all our potential clients. They have consistently exceeded our expectations in schedules and their ability to interpret and implement local code requirements expeditiously.

We are impressed with their grass roots understanding of Civil Engineering practices and new technologies."

-Eldon Stoltzfus, Owner,

Althouse Martin & Associates


For more information, contact us at:

10 Vanguard Drive, Suite 90 Reading, PA 19606 or T 610.404.7330 / 888.646.6161